vii CHURCH OF THE THEOTOKOS PAMMAKARISTOS 147 The objection that nuns occupied the monastery at that moment was easily overcome by removing the sisterhood to the small monastery attached to the church of S. John In Trullo (Achmed Pasha Mesjedi) In the immediate vicinity/ and for 138 years thereafter the throne of seventeen patriarchs of Constantinople stood In the church of the PammakarlstoSj with the adjoining monastery as their official residence.2 As the chief sanctuary of the Greek community 3 the building was maintainedj It would appear^ In good order and displayed considerable beauty. £ Even at night/ to quote extravagant pralses c when no lamp was burning, It shone like the sun.? But even sober European visitors in the sixteenth century agree in describing the Interior of the church as resplendent with eikons and imperial portraits. It was also rich In relics, some of them brought by Gennadius from the church of the Holy Apostles and from other sanctuaries lost to the Greeks. Among the Interesting objects shown to visitors was a small rude sarcophagus inscribed with the Imperial eagle and the name of the Emperor Alexius Comnenus.8 It was so plain and rough that Schwelgger speaks of it as too mean to contain the dust of a German peasant.4 But that any sarcophagus professing to hold the remains of Alexius Comnenus should be found at the Pammakaristos Is certainly surprising. That emperor was buried, according to the historian Nicetas Choniates, in the church of S. Saviour the Philanthropist,5 near the palace of Mangana, on the east shore of the city. Nor could the body of a Byzantine autocrator have been laid originally in a sarcophagus such as Brelining and Schweigger describe. These difficulties in fhe way of regarding the monument 1 Phrantzes, p. 307. 2 See Gerlach"s description in. Turcograecta, pp, 189-90, 3 Brettning, Orientahsche Reyss, p. 68, *zur rechten an der Mauren Imp. Alexii Comneni monumentum von Steinwerck auffs einfaltigste und schlech-teste.* 4 Salomon Schweigger, Eln ne^we Reyssbeschreibung auss Deutschland nach Constantlnopel pp. 119-20, Chaplain for more than three years in Constantinople, at the Legation of the Holy Roman Empire, 1581. He gives the inscription on the sarcophagus : 'AX^tos atfro/cpdrw/) rwv 'Pw/uifow. There is an eagle to the right of the legend. 6 P. 12, els ^y j-tiewos ISet^aro X.pt(rrf rf fahnv&pJjTrqi jj,ov/)v.